Adi Granth - a collection of the hymns of the first four Gurus and some of those of Guru Arjan Dev Ji
Akal Takht - 'Throne of the Eternal' - the building facing the Golden Temple in Amritsar
Akhand Path - a continuous reading of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji from beginning to end
Amrit - 'nectar' - sanctified liquid made of sugar and water used in initiation ceremonies
Amritsar - a city in the Punjab and the location of the Golden Temple
Amritvela - early morning prayer and meditation
Anand karaj - 'Ceremony of bliss' - the wedding ceremony
Anand Sahib - 'Hymn of bliss'
Anandpur Sahib - a town in a valley at the foot of the Himalayas.  The ashes of the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji are buried there
Ardas - the prayer offered during most religious acts
Asa di var - the immortal battle of hope
Baisakhi - a major Sikh festival celebrating the formation of the Khalsa, 1699CE
Bhakti - devotion to God, worship
Caste - the Hindu belief that people are born into different social groups
Chanani - a canopy over the scriptures, used as a mark of respect
Chauri - a symbol of the authority of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Dasam Granth - a collection of compositions
Daswandh - giving a tenth of surplus money to the community
Dhan - material service to other people
Divali Mela - a festival which marks the end of the rainy season and the escape and return to Amritsar of Guru Har Gobind Ji
Diwan - congregational worship
Goindwal - location of a deep well built by Guru Amar Das Ji
Golak - a long box in which worshippers place their offering of money
Granthi - a reader of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji who officiates at ceremonies
Gurbani - the word of God revealed by the Gurus
Gurdwara - Sikh place of worship
Gurmukh - someone who lives by the Guru's teaching
Gurmukhi - 'from the Guru's mouth' - the name given to the script in which the scriptures and the Punjabi language are written
Gurpurbs - a Guru's anniversary (birth or death)
Guru - a teacher.  In Sikhism the title of Guru is used for the ten human Gurus and the Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Guru Granth Sahib Ji - the Sikh scriptures
Guru Nanak Dev Ji - (1469-1539) - the first Guru and the founder of the Sikh faith
Gutka - a collection of Sikh hymns
Harmandir Sahib - the Golden Temple in Amritsar
Hola Mohalla Mela - festival which celebrates Guru Gobind Singh Ji holding a three-day festival at Anandpur
Hukam - 'God's will'
Ik Onkar - 'There is only One God' - the first phrase of the Mool Mantar - it is also used as a symbol to decorate Sikh objects
Japji Sahib - a morning prayer
Kachera - traditional underwear, shorts (one of the five Ks)
Kangha - a comb worn in the hair (one of the five Ks)
Kara - a steel band, worn on the right wrist (one of the five Ks)
Karah parshad - sanctified food distributed at Sikh ceremonies
Karma - actions and their consequences
Kaur - 'Princess' - name given to all Sikh females
Kesh - uncut hair (one of the five Ks)
Khalsa - 'the community of the pure' - the Sikh community
Khanda - double-edged sword used in the initiation ceremony (also used as the emblem on the Sikh flag)
Kirat karna - earning one's livelihood by one's own efforts
Kirpan - sword (one of the five Ks)
Kirtan - devotional singing of the compositions found in the Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Kirtan Sohila - a prayer said before going to sleep
Langar - 'Guru's kitchen' - the gurdwara dining hall and the food served in it
Lavan - four verses which are sung at wedding ceremonies
Mala - prayer beads
Manji - small platform on which the scripture is placed
Manmukh - thinking about oneself first
Mela - 'fair' - used of Sikh festivals which are not gurpurbs
Milna - a ceremony which takes place before the wedding service
Mool Mantar - 'basic teaching' - the basic statement of belief at the beginning of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Mukti - escape from rebirth
Nam Japna - remembering the name of God
Nam Simran - meditation on the divine name, using passages of scripture
Nishan Sahib - the Sikh flag which is flown at gurdwaras
Nit nem - saying the specified daily prayers
Paath - Sikh Prayers and Hymns
Pakha - a fan used by Sikhs walking with the Gurus
Palanquin - a special carriage
Panj kakke - 'the five Ks' - the symbols of Sikhism worn by Sikhs
Panj piare - 'the five beloved ones' - those first initiated into the Khalsa.  Those who perform the rite today
Ragi - a Sikh musician who sings compositions from the Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Reincarnation - the belief that people are reborn after death
Romalla - a cloth on which the Guru Granth Sahib Ji is placed
Sadhsangat - congregation or assembly of Sikhs
Sahaj-dhari - 'seekers after God' - Sikhs who are not members of the Khalsa
Serovar - the pool around the Golden Temple in Amritsar
Sewa - service directed at the sadhsangat and gurdwara, but also to humanity in general
Shabads - hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Sikh - 'learner, disciple' - a person who believes in the ten Gurus and the Guru Granth Sahib Ji and who has no other religion
Singh - 'lion' - name adopted by Sikh males
Sodar Rahiras - the prayer said before the evening meal
Sukhmani - the Psalm of Serenity - Hymn of Peace
Tan - physical service
Turban - head covering worn by many Sikhs
Vand chhakna - sharing one's time, talents and earnings with the less fortunate
Waheguru - 'Wonderful Lord' - a Sikh name for God
Yatras - visits to places associated with the Gurus and Sikhism
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