Amritsar, literally meaning "holy pool of nectar", is the home to the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, and is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh Religion. Founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas, it was completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev. Work began in 1573 on digging the holy pool. In 1601 Harmandir Sahib was completed and 3 years later, the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Book was placed there. In Maharaja Ranjit Singh's time Amritsar City had superceded Lahore as the pre-eminent city of Punjab.
Amritsar is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India with historical and religious sites including the revered shrine of the Durgiana Temple which is dedicated to goddess Durga. The museum at Ram Bagh houses weapons dating back to Moghul times and some portraits of the ruling houses of the Punjab. Jallianwala Bagh reminds the visitor of one of the most heart-rending events in the history of India. Bullet marks and the well into which some people jumped to escape the onslaught can still be seen. Other attractions include the Fort Gobind Garh which was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the Tarn Taran tank which is 25 kilometres south of the city.
The most interesting place to stay is at the Sri Harmandir Sahib itself - see sarai bookings in the menu above. Accommodation at the Gurdwaras of Sri Guru Ram Das Niwas and Sri Guru Nanak Niwas is also recommended. Click here for Amritsar Hotels. Katra Jaimal Singh, near the telephone exchange in the old city, is a good shopping area.
With the only international airport in Punjab, Amritsar airport is fast becoming the gateway to Punjab and Northern India. There is a daily Indian Airlines flight to Delhi and Srinagar as well as international flights to the UK. There are direct rail links to Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi, and Calcutta as well frequent buses to Dehra Dun, Shimla, Kulu, Dalhousie and Dharamsala. Click here for Amritsar Weather. To find flight availability and prices from Birmingham to Amritsar Flights.
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